North Eastern States
This section includes the hill states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. The north eastern states of India are a distinct area due to its geography – being landlocked with only a narrow corridor to the rest of India and surrounded by the countries of Bangladesh, China, Bhutan, Burma and Nepal. There is considerable ethnic and religious diversity within the seven states (of which Arunachal Pradesh and Assam are the largest). Much of the population of this area is tribal with their own languages. The main religions of the area are Hinduism and Christianity. Tea is a major crop and the states are heavily forested due to the plentiful rainfall. The region is home to some of India’s most endangered wildlife (including the one-horned rhinoceros and Bengal tiger).
The mighty Brahmaputra has some 1,750 miles of navigable river passing through some of the most scenic parts of India including a number of National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries.
Guwahati is the largest city in the north-east region and as it also has an airport with connections to many other Indian airports is often the ‘gateway’ to the area. Dispur, the capital of Assam is located within the city of Guwahati. The city is situated between the mighty Brahmaputra River and the foothills of the Shillong Plateau.
Nameri National Park
This park is in the state of Assam in the Himalaya foothills. It shares its northern border with Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary and together the area of this park is over 1,000 sq km. The vegetation is semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests with strips of open grassland. Animals that may be seen here include elephant, tiger, leopard, dhole, pygmy hog, sloth and Himalayan black bear. It is extremely good for birds with over 300 species including the white winged wood duck, wreathed hornbill, rufous necked hornbill, blue-bearded bee-eaters etc.
Manas National Park
This national park is considered to be one of India’s most beautiful and is a World Heritage Site. It is situated on the Assam-Bhutan border in the foothills of the Himalayas. The habitat is grass with patches of deciduous woodland in the lower sections and dense semi-evergreen and conifer forests on the higher land. This park is home to three rare animals – the pygmy hog, the hispid hare and the golden langur and a number of endangered species including clouded leopards, civet cat, fishing cat, golden cat, tiger, Indian fox, one-horned rhinoceros, Himalayan black bear.
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Kaziringa National Park
Kaziranga National Park is in the Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. The sanctuary s a world heritage site and home to two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses.